Decision making is:
A process that looks always the same no matter who and when is making decision
A process, that is the sole responsibility of the organisation’s top-management
Making choices from two or more alternatives.
Peoples’ decision-making styles differ along two main dimensions:
Problem complexity & urgency
Individual’s personality & business environment
An individual’s way of thinking & an individual’s tolerance to ambiguity
The first step of decision-making process it:
Identifying a problem.
Identifying decision criteria
Selecting an alternative.
One of the most often problems of group decision-making is so called groupthink. Groupthink:
Is the tendency of the group to converge on more extreme solutions to a problem.
Occurs when individuals in a group feel pressure to conform to what seems to be the dominant view in the group.
Leads to a greater collective understanding of the eventual course of action chosen, since it is possible that many affected by the decision implementation actually had input into the decision.
An ethical decision is one where one chooses how to respond to a given situation based on:
Viable alternatives that could resolve the problem.
Values of good and bad.
Expediency or efficiency.