Goldsmithing is the artistic work carried
out by goldsmiths, called ‘orfebres or orives’, with precious metals. The term
‘orfebre’ comes from the Latin ‘aurifaber’, artificer.
Craft techniques include the fussion of
gross material, purifying the metal and melting it, hammering and battening,
cutting, polishing, platting and gilding, making mechanical joints and
assemblies, welding, ‘lost-wax’ smelting, etc.
Different techniques are used for
decorating the pieces, such as tipping, printing, filigree, granulated, etc.
The metals carved by the artisan are silver and gold or precious metals, or
alloys of them. Religious goldsmithing is a traditional craft in Andalusia
since ancient times but it raises its splendour during the Renaissance, and it
continues strong linked to the demand of religious objects for the processions
of Easter and religious worship.