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Marble, stone and plaster:
Marmura, piatra si ghips
Alabaster carving

Alabaster carving

Alabaster is a singular variety of gypsum, finely crystallized, with light colors, which appears in compact and homogeneous masses called nodules. There are alabaster mines in different parts of Europe and this craft has usually been developed around it.

Alabaster must be extracted from the mine, transported and cut according to the type of use to which it is destined. Without separating it from the world of art, which in other times was directly linked, today, alabaster has many applications, both in architecture, as in lighting and ornamentation.

The technique of sculpting consists of extracting, by means of a hammer and chisel, punch or chisel, the excess material to give shape to the figure that has previously been drawn. Drilling, sawing, polishing machines, etc., can also be used.

  Country:  Aragon, Spain


Artist sculpts 80-pound art piece from a 1200 pounds marble

Artist sculpts 80-pound art piece from a 1200 pounds marble

An example of a sculpture created by an artist using a marble piece from Carrara. He delicately and patiently cuts, shapes and polishes the marble until he obtains the sculpture. 

  Country:  Carrara (Tuscany), Italy


Creative flowerpots

Creative flowerpots

This instructive film shows how to make by hand stylish flower-pots from cements according to old design. Simple way to make by hand flowerpots at home.

 

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Gypsum casts

Gypsum casts

The Royal Foundry in the Royal Lazienki Museum in Warsaw provides an Instructional video that shows how to prepare a cast of traditional gypsum ornaments from ready-made forms. The Royal Foundry has been operating since the 18th Century teaching crafts, in which plaster copies of ancient and modern sculptures were made. Gypsum castings were popular in eighteenth-century collections of European monarchs. Currently, the studio is conducting workshops for students of various schools during which students learn about the famous antique sculptures and related myths. The instructional film shows the casting of a floral motif.


  Country:  Poland, Warsaw


Imagination sculpted from stone

Imagination sculpted from stone

Sculptor Diego Cano, born in the Almerian village of Olula del Río, was awarded the Master Artisan Card from the Andalusian Government in 2013. In the beginning of his arts career he dedicated to painting. He did it until 1985, when, by chance, he met Anglo-Russian sculptor Alexander Sokolov. He arrived in Macael and became Diego’s master. Since then, Diego hasn’t stop sculpting, unveiling the identity of the stone with his chisel. At first, he sculpted human figures, but then he became interested in surrealism. His works, inspired in everyday issues such as dialogue or friendship, have been exhibited all over Spain.

  Country:  Spain/Andalusia/Almería


Juan Moral, a sculptor who creates spaces full of warmth and life

Juan Moral, a sculptor who creates spaces full of warmth and life

Sculptor Juan Moral was born in Torredelcampo, Jaén, and has exhibited his works in Italy, New York and Beijing. He is 76 years old but he is still active. This restless artist chose stone as the ideal material to accompany him in his journey towards abstraction. His father was naïf painter Manuel Moral and his works can be found in public spaces around Spain. He teaches creation workshops in his foundation in Jaén.

  Country:  Spain/Andalusia/Jaén


Macael marble mortar and pestle

Macael marble mortar and pestle

The marble mortar from Macael is an artisanal piece that works as a kitchen utensil, to grind, chop, crush, prepare sauces, etc.

The mortar artisans use to sculpt each piece by hand, with pointer and chisel.

Technique: extraction of white Macael marble from open-cast quarries, selection of the most suitable type, cut the pieces in blocks of different sizes appropriate to the size of mortar. Portions are passed through the vertical milling machine to be emptied, as well as the interior grinding to leave inside and outside a suitable finish for the use to which the mortar will be destined. The “mochetas” (notches) are made and the whole piece is finished with a sanding process

It is made of 100% white marble from Macael, has a medium granulometry and mineralogical composition of 83% calcite, 16% dolomite, 1% muscovite, and minor amounts of clay and opaque.

The well-known marble of Macael is extracted from the quarries of the Almerian town of Macael since the Ancient Age. This marble is highly appreciated and recognized for its purity and beauty.

  Country:  Almería, Andalusia, Spain


Plaster sculpture technique - Hecce Homo sculpture

Plaster sculpture technique - Hecce Homo sculpture

- The item represents a sculpture made of plaster called “Hecce Homo”. 
- The technique used to create this sculpture is the technique of the plaster carving.
- The main material used is plaster, but there are many others to allow the process of transformation of the plaster into sculpture. 
- The geographical area of  origin is ancient Egypt around 3500 BC. Suddenly it was used in ancient Greece and in Spain.

In the video there is an example of how a plaster sculpture is made, as well as the steps and materials used together with the idea behind this ancient craft art.

  Country:  Spain


Sharpening with Belgian Blue Stone

Sharpening with Belgian Blue Stone

The video shows the act of sharpening with a Belgian blue stone, considered one the best tools to sharpen knives. 

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Stone marble sculpture, Stone carving - The kiss of death sculpture

Stone marble sculpture, Stone carving - The kiss of death sculpture

The item represents a sculpture made of marble called “The kiss of death”.
- The technique used to create this sculpture is the technique of the stone carving. 
- Main material used is marble. In Spain there are four main important marbles: Rojo Alicante, Negro Marquina, Crema marfil and Dark Emperador.
- The geographical area is located in south Spain, mainly in Jaen.

In particular this video shows the way a sculpture of the marble stone is made

  Country:  Spain


Stone staues

Stone staues

In the video we can see how one of the few stone craftsman that still exist, Ion Moaca, from Pietroasele, Buzau County, skillfully manages the chisel and the hammer to create unique stone statues. The stone master has a real outdoor statues museum, which calls it "The Stone Age." He carved the stone giving it all sorts of shapes, like animals, birds, people, and every statue has a story that only the stone master saw it in the stone block.

The craftman considers stone carving as a gift received from the God and his predecessors. He likes to work using traditional tools such as chisel and a hammer, just like his predecessors.

The craft was inherited from his father and it will go out with him because he has no apprentices to follow his footsteps.

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Stonemasonry

Stonemasonry

Stonework is dealing with stone processing by sculpting, grinding, stroking, engraving, painting, and installing stone elements. Hammers, wedges, billets and chisels were used for the manual stonework. Since the stonemasons also originally mined the stone, local deposits determined the type of stone being processed, e.g. in Spis region, stonemasons focused on processing travertine since the middle age. Stonework has been developed by Italian masters who have come to build secular and sacral buildings since the 13th century in Slovakia.

In addition to building stonework, the production of mill stones and grinding stones was also developed. In the cities, the stonemasons had guilds along with masons and focused on building various types of buildings. In the countryside, stonemasonry as a supplementary occupation has been developing since the 18th century in areas where stone is more easily processed (sandstone, limestone, rhyolite, trachyt). Linings, window sills, cornices, ribbon works, pillars, tombstones, crosses and statues, calvarias, wayside shrines and secular statues were made from this material. Although the traditional stonemasonry has disappeared at the end of the 1940s, it remained as a craft until today. Stone is still widely used in construction, both in exteriors and interiors, tombstones and artworks are made of it.

  Country:  Slovak republic


The Art of Mosaic

The Art of Mosaic

The video shows one of the most important school of mosaic artisans in the world. The first step in order to create a mosaic is to draw the pattern that the mosaic should have. Then, the mosaic artist need to choose the right material and stones. By breaking the different pieces of stones, the artisans obtain these small tiles that will compose the mosaic. The tiles are then covered with different colours and put together in order to create the pattern.

  Country:  Spilinbergo (Friuli Venezia-Giulia), Italy


The Polishing and Shining Marble Black Belgium design by Emanuele Rubini sculptor

The Polishing and Shining Marble Black Belgium design by Emanuele Rubini sculptor

The video shows the work of the sculptor Emanuele Rubini. His work consists in breaking a big piece of black marble with the hammer in order to obtain the perfect block of marble he needs for the sculpture. Then, he works and shapes the marble with specific instrument. The final step of the work consists in polishing and shining the marble.

  Country:  Belgium


The sand stone fountain

The sand stone fountain

In this video a sand stone fountain is made by Pavel Surma. He is an artist who has been intensively involved in creation of art which includes painting, sculptures, graphics, photography and collages. After a longer stay abroad, since 2001 he has lived and worked in the Czech Republic, specifically in Ludmirov in the Prostejov district. In the recent years, he has devoted himself to the interior and exterior design, where he integrates especially sand stone sculptures.

The fountain consists of the base, the central motif – sculpture in its center and the rim around the fountain. The larger part of the fountain is prepared in the workshop or atelier. Finally, the fountain is set up on the land and filled up with water.

  Country:  Czech republic


Vistea stone - traditional carving techniques

Vistea stone - traditional carving techniques

The video presents how the stone of Vistea is processed using modern techniques (with mechanical cutter and a grinder) but also traditional methods of carving the stone with chisel and hammer, methods transmitted cross generations.

In the workshop the work is done manually, except cutting limestone wich is done with a mechanical cutter and the grinder.

After the stone blocks are extracted from the quarry they are working on lathe and the final plates are carved manually, using the chisel and the hammer, to give value and to enrich the stone. The results are hand-crafted finished products such as: statues, massive columns, chapters but also industrial products: stairs, windows, horizontal and vertical plywood, interior decorations, sidewalks.

The craftsmen and the limestone of Vistea have a centuries-old history in the stone carving, the craft being passed from generation to generation, 80% of the working population from Vistea village works with stone.

The Vistea limestone has several advantages that have made it famous: the pleasant color (white, yellow or blue, depends on which career is extracted), it is durable and has good mechanical properties. In addition, it is abundant in the hills near Cluj.

The name of the village Vistea has been linked, over the years, to the natural stone that made it famous in Central and South-Eastern Europe, the village being certified in the 13th century.

  Country:  Romania/Transilvania