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Artesonado - Mudejar Carving and cabinet making

Artesonado - Mudejar Carving and cabinet making

Artesonado is the name for a highly decorative coffered ceiling in Spanish mudéjar architecture, typically of wood or stone. The name comes from the Spanish word 'artesa', a shallow basin used in breadmaking.
- The item represents a crafted wooden ceiling.
- The technique used is the 'artesonado mudejar', that is wood carving.
- The main material used is wood.
- The geographical area is Western Andalusia in Spain, dated around 16th and 17th century.

This video shows a Spanish craftsman explaining different carving wood techniques and this art in particular.

  Country:  Andalusia, Spain

  Category:  Wood


Castanets technique - Spanish Castanets

Castanets technique - Spanish Castanets

- The item represented is a pair of castanets. 
- There is a typical technique in creating traditional Spanish Castanets.
- Main material used is wood, and in particular hardwood from chestnut.
- The geographical area of this craft item is actually the whole Spain. 

This short video shows an example of castanets creation. 

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Musical instruments


Caulking

Caulking

The technique used is called Caulking

The main material used is oakum.

Caulking is the action of putting oakum on board joints of the decks and then covered with tar, so it avoids water filtration. Caulking needs a different process depending on the type and thickness. When it is "soft" wood, a chisel is introduced among boards until they cause a gap; for hard wood it is necessary to make a bevel to the sides of boards of 2 cm, on the outside.

In the video you will see how is the caulking process on a boat.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Vegetable fibres


Cordovan hat crafting

Cordovan hat crafting

- The items represented in the image are typical Spanish Cordovan hat.
- Cordovan hats are traditionally made with a typical crafting technique.
- The material used is textile.
- The area of origin in Spain is the city of Cordova. This technique started around 17th century but it is still alive nowadays.

The video shows the final steps of crafting a Cordovan hat.

  Country:  Cordoba, Spain

  Category:  Textile


Crafts and damascene processing

Crafts and damascene processing

The item represented in the image is a Damascene art work.
The technique which has been used is the unique technique of creating this Damascene steel art.
The materials used are steel, gold, silver and many others.
The name comes from Damascus city, even though the origin of this art is located in China and Japan and of course in Persia. However in Spain and mainly in Toledo this fine steel art became in old times one of the most popular in the entire Europe.

This video shows the technique of a master crafter of this metal art and the steps taken to achieve it.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Metal and ironwork


Damascene Niello technique

Damascene Niello technique

- The item represented is a Spanish Damascene Niello Snuff Box antique from the 19th century.
- The technique used is the Damascene steel together with Niello gold or silver technique applied to steel.
- Materials used are Damascus steel and gold or silver.

In the videos there are two examples of different Damascene’s craftsman performing Damascene art and Niello technique.

  Country:  Toledo, Spain

  Category:  Jewellery


Damascus sword technique - A Damascus steel sword

Damascus sword technique - A Damascus steel sword

- The item represented in the image is a finished Damascus steel sword.
- The technique used is the Damascus forging technique.
- The main material forged is mixed Damascus steel.
- As the name indicates, the origin of this steel is from Damascus city in Syria. In 1400, however there was a big tradition of Damascus steel forging in Toledo called Toledo’s steel, which spread through entire Europe.

In this video all the steps in welding the steel together and forging the sword are shown, illustrating the unique style and technique of this fine and rare blakcsmith art.

  Country:  Toledo, Spain

  Category:  Metal and ironwork


Harvest and grinding of the sugarcane technique - Motril's Ron

Harvest and grinding of the sugarcane technique - Motril's Ron

- The item represented in the image is a bottle of Motril's rum. 
- The technique used to produce this rum consists of processing sugarcanes. First of all there is the harvest and grinding of the source material to obtain sugar juice from the sugarcane. Initially this process was considered as a derivated product of sugarcane industry. The juice is then purified, filtered and heated using the so called “crystallization technique”, by which the sugar is crystallised. The result is a dark syrup called “melaza”. After all these stages the product goes under a fermentation period of 24-30 hours. Finally the ageing period starts.
- The material used is mainly sugarcane, together with the tools needed for this process. 
- The area of origin of this rum is Andalusia, and in particular the city of Granada.


The video below presents the production of this rum and some of the stages to obtain it.

  Country:  Andalusia, Spain

  Category:  Others


Loom weaving technique

Loom weaving technique

- The items represented in the image are different handmade rugs with different colours.
- The technique used, is called “loom weaving technique” which implies using a loom machine.
- The material used is textile, silk.
- The area of origin in Spain of rug techniques is the province of Almeria, in the villages of Finana and Pechina, which were the main producers of the woven silk from 10th to 13th century. Nowadays the city of production of the rugs is Nijar along with Laujar de Andarax.

The video shows the way the loom is used to create this craft-made rugs.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Textile


Plaster sculpture technique - Hecce Homo sculpture

Plaster sculpture technique - Hecce Homo sculpture

- The item represents a sculpture made of plaster called “Hecce Homo”. 
- The technique used to create this sculpture is the technique of the plaster carving.
- The main material used is plaster, but there are many others to allow the process of transformation of the plaster into sculpture. 
- The geographical area of  origin is ancient Egypt around 3500 BC. Suddenly it was used in ancient Greece and in Spain.

In the video there is an example of how a plaster sculpture is made, as well as the steps and materials used together with the idea behind this ancient craft art.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Marble, stone and plaster


Saddle crafting technique

Saddle crafting technique

- The item represented is a horse saddle. Flaps, girth straps, and stirrup leathers are typically made from animal skins taken from cattle, pig, sheep, or deer; cowhide is the most common skin used in saddle making. Saddle trees can be composed of several materials, including beech wood, fiberglass, plastic, laminated wood, steel, aluminum, and iron, and of course leather and skin.
- The technique used is the old traditional handmade technique for creating saddles.
- In medieval times, Spain became one of the most important exporters of the Western modern saddles for Spanish colonies in America during the colonization era. 

This video shows all the steps necessary for creation of the saddle.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Fur and skin


Spanish classic guitar crafting technique

Spanish classic guitar crafting technique

- The items represented are classic guitars.
- The technique is a typical technique of crafting classic Spanish flamenco guitars.
- The main material is wood. Usually the type of wood used is rosewood, maple, koa, satinwood and caviuna and others.

Two video are linked below. One shows how a typical flamenco guitar is made and the second one shows the steps to create a classic guitar.

  Country:  Andalusia, Spain

  Category:  Musical instruments


Stained-glass technique

Stained-glass technique

- This item represents a typical stained coloured church window or leadlight, also known as leaded windows made of “came”, the coloured fused glass.  Leadlights, leaded lights or leaded windows are decorative windows made of small sections of glass supported in lead cames.
- The technique used is “stained-glass”, where coloured “came” are fused together.
- The main material used is glass called “came” which is made of smaller pieces of glass to create huge sections of glass which will become leaded windows. This “came” is usually made of: lead, zinc, copper, brass or brass-capped lead.
- This technique finds its origin in Roman and Byzantine era, but it had a big presence by the late Middle Age across Europe.

In this video an example of stained-glass crafting is presented and the process of creating a small window with “came” is illustrated by fusing leads together. 

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Glass, ceramic and pottery


Stone marble sculpture, Stone carving - The kiss of death sculpture

Stone marble sculpture, Stone carving - The kiss of death sculpture

The item represents a sculpture made of marble called “The kiss of death”.
- The technique used to create this sculpture is the technique of the stone carving. 
- Main material used is marble. In Spain there are four main important marbles: Rojo Alicante, Negro Marquina, Crema marfil and Dark Emperador.
- The geographical area is located in south Spain, mainly in Jaen.

In particular this video shows the way a sculpture of the marble stone is made

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Marble, stone and plaster


Taracea crafting - Wooden boxes

Taracea crafting - Wooden boxes

- The items represented are some wooden boxes decorated with the Taracea technique.
- The main material used is wood as the primary material. You can also find other materials like pearl, tortoiseshell or ivory.
- The geographical area of origin is the city of Granada from the 14th century.

Here you will find a video showing how craftsmen of this artwood create boxes in Granada (Spain).

  Country:  Granada, Spain

  Category:  Wood


Tiara crafting - Spanish Royal Floral Tiara

Tiara crafting - Spanish Royal Floral Tiara

- The item represented in the image is the 19th century Floral Tiara, worn by the Spanish Queen Doña Sofía.
- The technique used is a handmade antique of creating Tiaras.
- The materials used are different, from diamonds to gold and silver.
- This precious jewellery was made in 1897 and given as a gift to the Spanish royal family. This is a symbol of Spanish traditional jewllery crafting.
The video below shows step by step how a basic Tiara is made, using different material techniques.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Jewellery


Traditional techniques of leather processing

Traditional techniques of leather processing

- The item represented is a leather bag.
- The technique used is the old traditional handmade technique for creating leather bags.
- The main material used is leather obtained through tanning and rawhides processing of animal skin.
- Spain is famous for this excellent leather crafting for the creation of all types of product with excellent quality. The origin of the use of leather is located in the city of Urbique in the 19th century. More than 75% of leather goods, from bags or others goods like mobile phone cases, mouse mats, handbag styles like hobo, tote and baguette are produced in Ubrique.

The video shows how a bag is made out of leather and all steps taken to create it.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Fur and skin


Vitrification - Ceramic tea cup

Vitrification - Ceramic tea cup

The item represents a porcelain tea cup, a fine example of fine ceramic art. 
- The technique used is the process of creating ceramic, through Vitrification.
- The main processes of ceramic art are: Glazing, decoration and firing.
- The materials used are mainly kaolinite but also feldspar, ball clay, glass, bone ash, steatite, quartz, petunes and alabaster.

The video "A village pottery in Andalucia" illustrates the ceramic art tradition of Mijas, Andalucía.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Glass, ceramic and pottery


Wicker weaving technique -Wicker baskets

Wicker weaving technique -Wicker baskets

The item is a wicker basket.
The technique used is the wicker weaving technique.
Material used is usually woven fiber made of plants and water.
It is one of the oldest craft tradition and this crafter has helped convert it in a beautiful craftmanship.
This basket has been made in Guadalajara (Spain) where Antonio Martínez Ruiz has his own wicker craft business. He has also founded a workroom-school.
The video shows how baskets are made.

  Country:  Spain

  Category:  Vegetable fibres